THIS PAGE IS A LIST OF INFORMATIVE LINKS CONCERNING ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN KENTUCKY.
WASHINGTON – The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) today announced a settlement with the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) to resolve alleged Clean Air Act violations at 11 of its coal-fired plants in Alabama, Kentucky, and Tennessee. The settlement will require TVA to invest a TVA estimated $3 to $5 billion on new and upgraded state-of-the-art pollution controls that will prevent approximately 1,200 to 3,000 premature deaths, 2,000 heart attacks and 21,000 cases of asthma attacks each year, resulting in up to $27 billion in annual health benefits. TVA will also invest $350 million on clean energy projects that will reduce pollution, save energy and protect public health and the environment.
July 2014: US EPA Bibliographic Database of Publications Relevant to Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products
The mission of the Kentucky Geological Survey (KGS) is to provide for citizens, researchers, industry, and government, scientifically based information on Kentucky’s geology and mineral and water resources. KGS conducts research, collects data, and serves as the State’s official archive for data on petroleum, coal, minerals, ground water, and topographic and geologic maps. A diverse research program is supported principally by grants from federal and state agencies and industry. Research investigations include the study of water resources, geologic mapping, oil and natural gas resources, coal and minerals, and geologic hazards.
According to the Kentucky Waterways Alliance, there are an estimated 6,000 shale gas wells producing between 50 and 70 billion cubic feet of gas annually in Kentucky. Many of the wells are located in the Big Sandy gas field of Floyd, Knott, Letcher, Martin, and Pike Counties.
According to state regulators, the shales in Kentucky have more clay than most U.S. shales, discouraging hydrofracking in the state because water makes clay formations swell, inhibiting the release of gas. Therefore most Kentucky gas wells are drilled using pressurized air circulated through the drill pipe and hydraulic fracture stimulation of natural gas wells using liquid nitrogen as the main ingredient.
By 2012 the state had produced 6 trillion cubic feet of natural gas.
Fracking in Kentucky depends on available energy resources, the location of these resources, applicable laws and regulations, politics, and the power of environmental and industry groups. Decisions by policymakers and citizens, including state and local governments and ballot initiatives, affect if and how fracking occurs in a state.
Fracking was first used in eastern Kentucky in the 1960s. Most of the wells in the state are fracked with nitrogen gas.